May 21, 2024



The real estate industry in Pakistan is facing one of its toughest periods ever. For those involved in this sector, from investors to developers, the current scenario seems grim. As a prominent real estate agency, Makani Marketing aims to shed light on the factors contributing to this downturn and explore the potential future of the industry.

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The Current State of Pakistan’s Real Estate Market

Pakistan’s commercial real estate market has taken a significant hit over the past two years. Various factors have contributed to this decline, and the consensus among experts is that a recovery is unlikely before 2030. This prediction stems from a combination of poor government policies, a shift in market trends, and economic challenges.

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Decline in Property Values

The value of immovable properties in Pakistan has seen a sharp decline. Over the past year alone, the domestic real estate market has plummeted by 25%. This downturn is not just a temporary dip but is expected to persist for the foreseeable future. Analysts suggest that property values may not return to their previous peaks until the next decade. This prolonged slump can be attributed to several key factors:

  1. Work-from-Home Trend: The global shift towards remote working has reduced the demand for commercial office spaces, significantly impacting property values.
  2. High Central Bank Interest Rates: Elevated interest rates have made borrowing more expensive, discouraging investment in real estate.
  3. Lack of Supportive Policies: There has been little to no effort to implement policies that could help channel informal market funds into the formal banking system, further stalling potential recovery.

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Impact on Investors and Stakeholders

The decline in property values has had a ripple effect on various stakeholders, including investors and financial institutions. Regional investors, such as doctors, judges, and land mafias, who traditionally hold substantial cash reserves, are now struggling due to tightening credit conditions and higher interest rates. The value of land files and plots has dropped by over 50%, significantly affecting overseas Pakistanis who have historically been major investors in the sector.

Kumail Abbas, CEO of Hussnain Associates, highlighted that the pain for commercial real estate is just beginning. He warned that falling property prices could trigger another banking crisis, further destabilizing the economy. The construction and property sector, which once thrived at 65% during the 2018 government tenure, now barely operates at 12%.

Regional Disparities

Different regions in Pakistan have experienced varying degrees of impact. For instance, property values in Multan DHA have decreased by 41%, equating to a loss of around Rs. 6 million per plot in just two years. Such drastic devaluations have been attributed to factors like misuse of land files and rampant manipulation. On the other hand, certain housing societies like Dream Gardens in Lahore have seen a surge in property values, mainly due to political investments.

Economic and Policy Challenges

The challenges facing Pakistan’s real estate sector are deeply intertwined with broader economic and policy issues. Inflation, high interest rates, and an unstable currency have compounded the sector’s woes. The International Monetary Fund (IMF) bailout, coupled with rising costs of cement and labor, has further strained the industry.

Government Policies and Their Impact

The government’s approach towards real estate has been largely criticized for being anti-development. The lack of supportive policies has prevented the influx of informal cash into the formal economy, which could have potentially revived the sector. Moreover, the State Bank of Pakistan’s (SBP) high-interest rate policy has made borrowing expensive, further deterring investment.

An Islamabad-based investment banker pointed out that the SBP’s reluctance to cut interest rates has prolonged the real estate market’s agony. Although inflation is nearing the SBP’s target, the central bank’s conservative approach means that the property market will remain subdued.

Post-Flood Crisis and Lending Trends

The aftermath of the 2022-23 floods highlighted the need for proactive measures to support real estate investors. However, consumer financing for house building has declined by 3.5%, reflecting a lack of confidence in the market. The government’s failure to act prudently post-floods has exacerbated the current drop in property values.

What Can Be Done?

Despite the bleak outlook, there are steps that can be taken to mitigate the crisis and pave the way for recovery. Here are some recommendations:

  1. Policy Reforms: The government needs to implement policies that encourage investment in real estate. This includes reducing interest rates, offering tax incentives, and creating a more transparent regulatory framework.
  2. Support for Developers: Providing financial support and subsidies to developers can help kickstart stalled projects and attract new investments.
  3. Promotion of Affordable Housing: Encouraging the development of affordable housing projects can meet the growing demand for residential properties and stimulate the market.
  4. Channeling Informal Cash into Formal Banking: Implementing measures to bring informal cash into the formal banking system can increase liquidity and boost investment in real estate.

The Role of Makani Marketing

At Makani Marketing, we believe in the potential for a resilient recovery, even in the face of adversity. Our mission is to navigate through these challenging times by offering innovative solutions and strategic insights to our clients. We are committed to helping investors make informed decisions and capitalize on emerging opportunities in the real estate market.


Contact us now:
+92 336 400 0006


The real estate industry in Pakistan is indeed facing a severe downturn, with recovery projected to be a long and arduous process. The combination of poor government policies, economic challenges, and market trends has created a perfect storm that has significantly devalued properties and stifled investments. However, with strategic reforms and proactive measures, there is hope for a gradual recovery.

As a leading real estate agency, Makani Marketing is dedicated to supporting our clients through these tough times. By staying informed and adapting to changing market conditions, we can collectively navigate this crisis and look forward to a more stable and prosperous future for Pakistan’s real estate sector.

In the end, while the current landscape appears bleak, it is essential to remain optimistic and prepared for the opportunities that lie ahead. With the right strategies and support, the real estate market in Pakistan can emerge stronger and more resilient than ever before.